The Cubs’ Ten Greatest Pitchers
Mordecai “Three Finger” Brown (1904-12, 1916)
Tim Lincecum may be best known as The Freak, but it’s Brown—whose pitching hand was mangled in a childhood farming accident and, as a result of it, allowed him to develop a devastating curveball—who really deserves the nickname, as he confounded opponents for nearly a decade with the Cubs.
Brown was arguably second to none during the deadball era, winning 20-plus games over six straight years (1906-11), producing a 1.04 earned run average in 1906 that’s the lowest in modern NL history, and finishing his career with a 2.06 ERA that’s the majors’ third lowest since 1900. Furthermore, Brown won bragging rights over Christy Mathewson—his chief rival of the period—taking a 13-11 record in head-to-head matchups against the New York Giant ace.
The value of Brown’s workhorse ethic is best noted in that he not only was the perennial team leader in wins, but also in saves; in fact, he led the National League in the latter figure over four straight years, capped by a then-record 13 in 1911. Brown’s biggest career win came in relief, when he took over for an ineffective Jack Pfiester and stifled the Giants in the do-over, winner-take-all 1908 match (made possible by Fred Merkle’s baserunning gaffe in an earlier contest) that ended the regular season and gave the Cubs the NL pennant. The losing pitcher that day: Christy Mathewson.
Brown was let go by the Cubs after a subpar 1912 campaign but returned for a final, mostly ceremonial hurrah in 1916 at age 39; he finished his career with a 188-86 record for Chicago, adding five more wins in World Series action—two of which took place during the 1908 triumph over Detroit that remains the Cubs’ last championship to date.
Hippo Vaughn (1913-21)
After bouncing around the American League and then the minors for five years, Vaughn was given a chance by the Cubs—and immediately, he clicked, becoming the team’s workhorse throughout the 1910s by averaging close to 300 innings annually over a seven-year span.
Nicknamed Hippo for his bulky frame that grew larger as the years wore on, Vaughn was a five-time 20-game winner in Chicago and is best remembered for participating in the famous 1917 double no-hitter in which he and Cincinnati’s Fred Toney each threw hitless ball for nine innings, with Vaughn finally conceding offense in the tenth and losing, 1-0.
Vaughn’s best season undoubtedly took place a year later in 1918, when he won the NL ERA title with a 1.74 mark and also led the league in strikeouts and shutouts (with eight). He followed that up with three complete-game performances in the World Series against Boston, allowing just three earned runs in 27 innings—but lost two out of the three as the Cubs gave him little offensive support.
Following the 1920 season, Vaughn’s personal life unraveled as, among other things, he was slashed in the stomach by his father-in-law over a domestic dispute. His baseball career quickly followed suit, as Vaughn won just three of 14 decisions with a 6.05 ERA in 1921 before being let go by the Cubs. He forged on, logging time in the minors and semi-pro leagues all the way through the age of 49.
Lon Warneke (1930-36, 1942-43, 1945)
In 1932 at age 22, Warneke burst onto the scene in his first full season for the Cubs by sporting a 22-6 record and the majors’ best ERA at 2.37 that earned him runner-up honors for the NL MVP. More success quickly followed; in 1934, on his way to his first of two 20-win campaigns, Warneke began the season with back-to-back one-hitters—the first of which came within two outs of being a no-hitter. Warneke was adept with the glove, setting a record (since broken) for most consecutive games played by a pitcher without committing an error.
When his record slipped to 16-13 in 1936, the Cubs sent him to St. Louis for Ripper Collins in a deal that worked out poorly for Chicago; although Warneke remained solid but never regained his early-career heights, Collins did a quick fadeout. Following a second, less successful stint with the Cubs during World War II, Warneke retired and took up umpiring, ultimately spending seven more years in the majors; in fact, he would became the only person to truthfully say he played and umpired in both the World Series and All-Star Game.
Charlie Root (1926-41)
Root will forever be known as the man who served up Babe Ruth’s “Called Shot” in the 1932 World Series, a home run he insists was never pre-ordained by Ruth; he said shortly before his death that had Ruth actually called the shot, he would have knocked the Yankee star on his butt with the next pitch rather than heave it down the middle.
Less famed about Root is that he’s the winningest pitcher in Cub history, racking up 201 victories over a 16-year tenure in Chicago. His most prodigious effort came in 1927, when he led the majors with 26 wins (against 15 losses) and threw over 300 innings for the only time in his career. He was also a sharp 19-6 in 1929, and produced a career-low 2.60 ERA in 1933 during, curiously, his final year as a full-time starter for the Cubs. For the final eight years of his time in Chicago, Root relieved more often than not, often serving as the nearest thing to a closer for the Cubs.
Root’s biggest disappointment was that even though he appeared in four different World Series for the Cubs, he never won a game—finishing at 0-3 with a 6.75 ERA in six appearances, four of them as a starter.
Claude Passeau (1939-47)
Never dominant but always reliable, Passeau was an underrated, winsome contributor for the Cubs, never finishing below .500 until his final campaign in 1947 when he played sparsely and with pain. The winning was a relief for Passeau, spurred to life in Chicago after spending his first three years of his career saddled with losing teams and high ERAs in Philadelphia with the then-woebegone Phillies.
Relying on a sinker that opponents often grumbled to be a spitter in disguise, Passeau did his best to help the Cubs take the 1945 World Series from the Detroit Tigers. He threw a one-hitter in Game Three to give the Cubs a 2-1 Series lead, but with four games to win two back at Wrigley Field, the Cubs could only win one—blowing a 5-2 lead in Game Six that Passeau had helped give them—and lost in seven games overall; they have yet to return to the Fall Classic ever since.
Pete Alexander (1918-26)
The Cubs snagged the league’s premier pitcher of the day from the Phillies, who feared that Alexander would be snagged away by the military for war duty during World War I. The Phillies were right, but any perception that they were shortsightedly ignoring the long term was proven serendipitously wrong when Alexander came back from the front shellshocked, partially deaf and epileptic—the latter condition leading to increased dependency with alcohol that would torment the rest of his life.
Still, the Alexander that pitched for the Cubs, while not the same, remained highly effective, even reprising his early Philadelphia dominance in 1920 with NL highs in wins (27), ERA (1.91) and innings (363.1); his sub-2.00 ERA was his fifth consecutive such number. Alexander’s superiority diminished afterward with ERA figures sustained over the 3.00 mark (owing in part to the hitting splurge of the 1920s), but he remained tough on opponents, who still found it tough to hit off him and very tough to walk on; at one juncture, he threw 52 straight innings without issuing a base on balls.
When a young and untried Joe McCarthy took over as the Cubs’ manager in 1926, the veteran in Alexander immediately challenged and clashed with him, hastening his departure from Chicago midway through the year to St. Louis, where he had a few golden moments left to experience.
Ferguson Jenkins (1966-73, 1982-83)
Many would easily imagine Jenkins as the all-time Cub leader in victories, yet the man who ultimately amassed 284 career wins totaled only 167 for Chicago—most of those coming during a prodigious seven-year stretch in which he won 20 or more games six straight times. He wasn’t particularly death upon hitters—he often led the league in extra base hits allowed and never won an ERA title—but he certainly had a knack to rack up wins.
As with Alexander and Passeau before him, a young Jenkins came to the Cubs (along with two other players) via a trade with the Phillies—a deal which sent veteran hurlers Larry Jackson and Bob Buhl, both at the tail ends of their careers, to Philadelphia. Needless to say, Jenkins gave the Cubs long-term benefits from the trade with eight years of workhorse effort—and a NL Cy Young Award in 1971 when he led the circuit with 24 wins. Jenkins was dealt to Texas after 1973 in another deal that benefitted the Cubs, receiving future perennial batting champion Bill Madlock; he returned to Chicago for a two-year encore at the end of his career, with fair results.
Greg Maddux (1986-92, 2004-06)
Wrigleyville missed out on calling one of the game’s great pitchers one of its own during his prime, but did get to cheer Maddux on as a budding talent who was closing in on peak form—and then again at the end of his career, as if making it up to Cub fans.
Maddux’ first full year in Chicago was a certifiable bust, ending with a 6-14 record and a 5.61 ERA—but he became a changed man a year later, posting an 18-8 mark and 3.18 ERA; he lowered that figure to 2.95 in 1989 (with a 19-12 record) but tearfully failed the Cubs in the NLCS against the Giants, logging just 7.1 innings in two starts and allowing 12 runs. Maddux went from star to superstar in 1992, authoring a terrific 2.18 ERA and recording his first of (only) two 20-win seasons and winning his first of four Cy Young Awards. Unfortunately for the Cubs, his breakout to stardom occurred as he became a free agent; Atlanta scooped him up and he became unworldly through the rest of the 1990s.
By the time he came back to Chicago at age 37, Maddux had long since lost his Hall-of-Fame luster but continued to show off his catlike reflexes on the mound that led him to win Gold Gloves in each of his three years back with the Cubs. He would ultimately total 18, the most by any major leaguer regardless of position.
Ed Reulbach (1905-13)
Reulbach received second billing in the shadow of Three Finger Brown, but he easily could have been the star attraction on most other pitching staffs. As it was, Reulbach capably towed the company line by consistently producing sub-2.00 ERAs for a group of pitchers that collectively made up one of the stingiest in baseball history; he was utterly sensational at his peak from 1906-08, putting together a 60-15 record that included a 17-game winning streak, a scoreless-inning string of 44 and, in 1908, a major league milestone when he became the only pitcher ever to start both ends of a doubleheader and win both by shutout. Reulbach’s finest World Series moment came in 1906 when he fired a one-hitter against the “Hitless Wonder” Chicago White Sox in Game Two. He did not suffer a losing record until his final year in 1913, cut short by a trade to Brooklyn.
Bill Lee (1934-43, 1947)
Not to be confused with “Spaceman” Bill Lee of Boston Red Sox fame in the 1970s, the Cubs’ version of Lee was more down to earth and every bit as good, if not a little better—especially in his time in Chicago.
Lee was initially brought into Branch Rickey’s overstocked farm system in St. Louis, and was sent to the Cubs when the arrival of Dizzy and Daffy Dean clogged up his path to the Cardinal rotation. With Chicago, Lee twice won 20 games, and put together a career year in 1938 when he led the NL with 22 wins (against just nine defeats), a 2.66 ERA and nine shutouts; he also threw three scoreless innings at that year’s All-Star Game and, in the World Series against the Yankees, pitched well but lost both of his starts via a lack of support from his teammates. Lee’s career gradually came undone by failing eyesight, which ultimately led to blindness.
Chicago Cubs Team History: Year-by year records, statistics and an oral history of the Cubs, decade by decade.
The Cubs' Ten Greatest Hitters: A list of the ten greatest hitters based on their productivity and efficiency.
The Cubs' Ten Greatest Games: A list of ten memorable games and other notable personal achievements that have defined the Cubs' history.
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