1964 The Fizz Kids

An upstart Philadelphia ballclub, leading the National League by 6.5 games with less than two weeks to play in the regular season, collapses under the exhausted weight of a two-man rotation—leading to manager Gene Mauch's first career heartbreak.

Philadelphia fans received World Series tickets as the Phillies were convinced they were headed to a National League pennant; instead, the team’s October dreams went up in flames after one of the most historic season-ending chokes ever seen.

On September 20, 1964, a betting man would have gladly put his house on the Philadelphia Phillies winning the National League pennant. With 12 games left to their regular season, the Phillies held a 6.5-game lead over both the St. Louis Cardinals and the Cincinnati Reds. Their magic number was six, a number representing the combination of Phillie wins and losses by either the Cardinals or Reds needed to clinch first place. The trailing two teams were mathematically still in it, a nice way of saying your chances were all but nil. The Phillies had their next seven games at home, were given permission to print World Series tickets, and team ace Jim Bunning was photographed for a Sports Illustrated cover previewing a World Series certain to include the Phillies.

What was expected to be a celebration to the end of a three-year journey from the extreme depths of the NL basement to the World Series would, instead, become one of baseball’s most shocking plunges from assured triumph.

After last winning the NL pennant in 1950, the Phillies gradually deteriorated through the next decade, their off-field antics affecting their on-field play. Just ask Eddie Sawyer, the skipper of the 1950 team who was fired in 1952, then brought back in 1958. What he saw the second time ultimately led him to flee. “I’m 49,” Sawyer said after resigning a single game into the 1960 season, “and I’d like to see 50.”

Succeeding him was 34-year-old Gene Mauch, a utility player who bounced in and out of the majors before bringing a fiery personality to his new calling as manager. Mauch cleaned house, starting a youth movement that resulted, in his first full year piloting in 1961, with a horrendous 47-107That painful year included a major league record 23-game losing streak. finish. But the seeds were sown and flowered quickly a year later when the Phils jumped to a game above .500. They further improved in 1963, finishing fourth.

Two major additions sprung the Phillies into first place in 1964. Jim Bunning, feeling unappreciated in Detroit, was traded to the Phillies and showed the Tigers how much value they lost by producing the first of three straight years winning 19 games. And although Johnny Callison was emerging as a mid-season favorite to win the NL Most Valuable Player award, it was rookie Dick Allen—on his way to setting a NL rookie record for most total bases—who had the most potent batWhy no MVP for Allen? Perhaps it was in his defense—committing 41 errors at third base. in the Phillie lineup. The headstrong 22-year-old batted .318 with 29 home runs, 91 runs batted in, and led the league with 13 triples and 125 runs scored.

Bunning confirmed his status as the new Phillie ace on Father’s Day, when the father of six threw the first perfect game in modern-day NL history at New York against the Mets. Complementing Bunning in the rotation was 26-year-old lefty Chris Short, whose year-by-year growth would continue in 1964 with a 17-9 record and outstanding 2.20 earned run average.

While the Phillies coasted through the summer, their contenders dealt with various issues that kept them out of total focus. Cincinnati manager Fred Hutchinson took several leaves of absence to fight a growing cancer, while San Francisco skipper Al Dark nearly created a mutinyThe non-white players wanted to boycott, but Willie Mays cooled everyone down; Dark said he was misquoted. with the Giants’ talented group of black and Latino players after he told a reporter that they lacked “mental alertness.” And in St. Louis, Cardinal general manager Bing Devine, his authority undermined by 82-year-old “special consultant” Branch Rickey, was fired at midseason by owner Gussie Busch.

One of Devine’s last trades would later convince Busch, in hindsight, that he had made a mistake in firing him. Lou Brock, a speedy outfielder with some pop, had been rushed to the majors by the Chicago Cubs and mistaken for a big-time slugger. Thus he was terribly out of sync. The Cubs were no less thrilled with Brock’s performance than Brock was being there. So when Devine called and asked the Cubs for Brock in exchange for pitcher Ernie Broglio—the winner of 60 games over his previous four seasons—the Cubs jumped at the offer.

In St. Louis, Brock was told by manager Johnny Keane—whose own job was rumored to be on the line—to stop swinging for the fences; just get on base and steal at will. This was music to Brock’s ears, and he responded as a born-again playerWhile Brock would go on to collect some 2,700 hits and 900 stolen bases for the Cardinals, Broglio would go 7-19 over what would be his final two-plus major league seasons in Chicago.. In 103 games with the Cardinals, Brock hit .348, stole 33 bases and scored 81 runs.

The Phillie lead held firm as the team came home with 12 games left and its 6.5-game lead. But the Phillie rotation presented a problem for Gene Mauch; Art Mahaffey and Ray Culp both had sore arms, and he’d lost faith in a third starter, Dennis Bennett. Thus, he hatched a scheme that would leave a lot of people scratching their heads for a long time: Using his two best starting pitchers—Jim Bunning and Chris Short—as much as possible, often on just two days’ rest. It seemed a desperate measure reserved for a team trying to come back from, not leading by, 6.5 games.

Phillie aces Jim Bunning and Chris Short were just a few weeks away from wrapping up spectacular campaigns when manager Gene Mauch decided to overwork both pitchers through the team’s infamous home stretch. Here’s how both pitchers fared during the Phillies’ ten-game losing streak, as compared to the rest of the season.

The Phillies opened their seven-game homestand with three against the Reds. They were swept. Next came the Milwaukee Braves, out of the running but nonetheless still dangerous, for four games. The Phillies got swept again. Not even Johnny Callison’s three home runs could save Philadelphia in its final game against the Braves; Bunning was shelled, 14-8, and the Phillies completed a 0-7 week at home.

Stunned and in shock, the Phillies suddenly found themselves in third place to two teams riding winning streaks—the first-place Reds with nine straight wins, and second-place St. Louis with five. Worse, the Phillies would have to finish the season on the road against both teams. Mauch desperately tried to fire his players up, but his rants evaporated through an emotionally traumatized unit. He insisted on continuing to use Bunning and Short almost exclusively, though the exhausted pair had little left. “These are my aces…and you can bet we’ll (win the pennant),” a transparently upbeat Mauch declared to the press, before lowering his head and muttering, “I hope.”

The collapse continued in St. Louis. The dazed and staggered Phillies extended their losing streak to ten after being swept by the CardinalsThe Cardinals had the Phillies’ number during the regular season, winning 13 of 18 contests., leaving them with one last, faint hope: A sweep of the Reds in a short two-game set to finish the year, combined with three straight Cardinal losses against the lowly Mets, to create an unprecedented three-way tie for first. The Phillies, suddenly revived back to life, lived up to their end of the bargain by taking both games from Cincinnati; with utter astonishment, the Mets nearly did the same—winning the first two of three contests at St. Louis before losing the finale (11-5, to Bob Gibson) to give the Cardinals the NL flagThe defending NL champion Los Angeles Dodgers dropped to a sixth-place tie, burdened by weak hitting and a pitching staff that became unreliable once past Sandy Koufax and Don Drysdale. by a single game over the Phillies and Reds.

In getting a ticket to the World Series for the first time in 18 years, the Cardinals featured a solid veteran infield led by third baseman and NL MVP Ken Boyer (.295 average, 24 home runs, 119 RBIs) and first baseman Bill White (.302, 21, 102). Along with Brock, the outfield included Curt Flood, whose league-leading 211 hits punctuated a .311 batting average. And while Ray Sadecki led the Cardinals with 20 wins, the go-to man on the staff clearly became 28-year-old right-hander Bob Gibson. If Sandy Koufax was the game’s most unsolvable pitcher, then Gibson was its most intimidating, showing off an intensely fierce disposition that opposing batters dared not mess with; Gibson's 19-12 recordEleven of Gibson’s 19 wins came in the season’s final two months., 3.01 ERA and 245 strikeouts were definitely proof of that.

The American League pennant race was not as crazy, but no less nail-biting, as that of the NL.

In New York, Yankee manager Ralph Houk had been kicked upstairs to the general manager spot to make way for his successor in the loveable Yogi Berra. It was an attempted reinvention of the Yankee Way, to liven up the cold, corporate persona of the four-time defending AL champs to compete with the wildly popular (yet still totally awful) Mets across town. Berra understood what winning as a Yankee was all about, but being manager also meant the discomfort of having to be a disciplinarian upon a group of players who just the year before were his teammates, his equals, his friends.

During the Yankees’ second five-year run of AL superiority (1949-53 being the first), fast starts were anything but common. This list shows how far back in the standings they were before powering up late to grab, once again, the AL flag.

This latter understanding would be no more painful for Berra than on a hot August afternoon in Chicago, after the Yankees were swept by the front-running White Sox. At the back of the team bus sat utility infielder Phil Linz, so upset about his limited playing time that he started jamming Mary Had a Little Lamb on his harmonica. Berra, seated at the front of the bus, shouted at Linz to knock it off. Linz turned to Mickey Mantle, sitting nearby, and asked what Berra had said. Mantle said, “Play it louder,” to which Linz did. Showing what little dark side he had in him, Berra stormed back and slapped the harmonica away from Linz. The incident made headlinesLinz was fined $200, but made it up and more when a harmonica company asked him to endorse their products for $5,000., and seemed to underscore an evolving, indifferent Yankee attitude to a pennant race seemingly slipping away from them.

Events of the season’s final six weeks brought the familiar gap-toothed smile back to Yogi’s face. The Yankees went on a winning rampage, fueled by the late-season additions of called-up starter Mel Stottlemyre (9-3, 2.06 ERA in 13 appearances)—and starter-turned-closer Pedro Ramos (one win, eight saves—and no walks—over 22 innings), who slaved with decidedly losing teams for ten years. New York won 30 of its last 40 games, a run which included an 11-game win streak, to leapfrog over the White Sox and the league’s other serious contender in the Baltimore OriolesThe Orioles’ chances were handicapped in September when they lost Boog Powell, having a great year, for the rest of the campaign.. A nine-game win streak by the White Sox to finish the year was too little, too late; the Yankees captured their fifth straight AL pennant by a game over Chicago, two over Baltimore.

The 1964 World Series was represented by two teams that showed big league baseball at the crossroads: The power-laden, good ol’ white boy winning tradition of the New York Yankees against the aggressive, multi-ethnic speed and strength of the St. Louis Cardinals.

Bob Gibson’s star hits the national stage in the World Series as the St. Louis ace hurls a ten-inning victory over the Yankees in Game Five; he would finish New York off three days later with another complete-game performance in Game Seven.

The two most revered Yankees—Mickey Mantle and pitcher Whitey Ford—were barely intact after each performed the last great campaign of their careers. Ford’s arm was practically dead on arrival in St. Louis for Game One, which he lost 9-5; he would be on the shelf for the rest of the Series. Mantle hit beautifully, batting .333 with three homers—including a ninth-inning walk-off solo shot to win Game Three, 2-1, but his fielding had become a liability. Moved to right field, his mobility was shot and his range decreased, and the fast and forceful Cardinal runners took extra bases at will on the once-feared outfielder.

The Yankees had heard about Bob Gibson, but they were about to discover him up close and personal. They got past him in Game Two, scoring four runs off him through eight innings, before running away 8-3 on an ineffective Cardinal bullpen. Gibson wouldn’t need relief in his next two starts. In a pivotal Game Five, he took a 2-0 lead into the ninth, lost it when Tom Tresh tied it up with a home run, but won it back in the tenth, 5-2, after catcher Tim McCarver hit a three-run shot to give St. Louis the victory. On two days’ rest, Gibson took the mound for Game Seven and, although the fatigue took some of the edge off his sharpness, he got the job done—going the distance and outdueling Mel Stottlemyre, who, also pitching on two days’ rest, didn’t make it past the fifth inning. The Cardinals took the World Series with a 7-5 win.

For sheer, surprising drama, the days after the World Series were about as exciting as the Series itself. Cardinal manager Johnny Keane, having endured public rumors of being replaced in midseason, stuck it to owner Gussie Busch—handing him his resignation as he sat down beside him at a post-Series press conference. Using the “If you can’t beat him, hire him” school of thought, the Yankees fired a speechless Yogi Berra—who thought he had brought his team around to be his own—and replaced him with Keane.

It seemed the logical recipe for the Yankees to stay atop the baseball world. Instead, they were about to be introduced to a prolonged period within its underbelly.

1965 baseball historyForward to 1965: The Fall of the Yankee Empire After decades at the top, the New York Yankees are brought down by a combination of old age, nagging injuries and arrogance.

1963 baseball historyBack to 1963: The Sandman Cometh After years of wildness and frustration, the Los Angeles Dodgers' Sandy Koufax becomes an ace for the ages.

1960s baseball historyThe 1960s Page: Welcome to My Strike Zone In a decade where baseball as a tradition is turning stale with America's emerging counter-culturism, major league owners see its biggest problem to be, of all things, an overabundance of offense in the game. The result? An increased strike zone, further contributing to a downward spiral in attendance, but greatly aiding an already talented batch of pitchers.

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They Were There: Ernie Broglio
Ernie BroglioErnie Broglio reveals that the St. Louis Cardinals knew he was damaged goods when they traded him to the Chicago Cubs for Lou Brock.

1964 Standings

National League
St. Louis Cardinals
Cincinnati Reds
Philadelphia Phillies
San Francisco Giants
Milwaukee Braves
Los Angeles Dodgers
Pittsburgh Pirates
Chicago Cubs
Houston Colt .45s
New York Mets
American League
New York Yankees
Chicago White Sox
Baltimore Orioles
Detroit Tigers
Los Angeles Angels
Cleveland Indians
Minnesota Twins
Boston Red Sox
Washington Senators
Kansas City Athletics

1964 Postseason Results
World Series St. Louis (NL) defeated New York (AL), 4-3.

It Happened in 1964

Cleopatra has Nothing on This
The San Francisco Giants and New York Mets take a record seven hours and 23 minutes to decide a 23-inning game on May 31 at Shea Stadium, won by the Giants 8-6—and that was the nightcap to a doubleheader that starts shortly after high noon and finishes shortly before midnight. In all, 41 players and 250 baseballs are used in the second game marathon; 22 Mets strike out. Gaylord Perry pitches ten scoreless extra innings to pick up the win; years later he would claim that this was the first game in which he threw a major league spitball. The epic nightcap completes a long sweep for the Giants, who win the first game, 5-3.

Ken Hubbs, 1941-64
Chicago Cub second baseman Ken Hubbs, the 1962 National League Rookie of the Year, dies on February 13 when the small plane he’s piloting crashes in inclement weather near Provo, Utah. Hubbs had statistically regressed during his sophomore year in 1963, but many believed a bright future still lay ahead of the 22-year-old.

Fred Hutchinson, 1919-1964
Cincinnati Red manager Fred Hutchinson loses his prolonged battle with cancer and dies on November 12 in Bradenton, Florida. Hutchinson’s sixth year managing the Reds, and his 12th overall, was interrupted twice by leaves of absence so he could undergo treatment. A local hero in his hometown of Seattle, Hutchinson will have a cancer research center named after him there, and his image is engraved on the side of every seat at Safeco Field.

East Meets West
The Giants become the first major league team to field a Japanese ballplayer, Masanori Murakami. The 20-year-old reliever will appear in nine games late in the year, winning his one decision while producing a 1.80 earned run average. He will return to Japan after one more season when contractual problems develop between his Japanese club in Nankai and the Giants. It’ll be 30 more years before the next Japanese ballplayer, Hideo Nomo, joins the majors.

A No-Hitter—and a No-Winner
Houston’s Ken Johnson, a good pitcher with a bad team, is growing tired of being labeled hard-luck. Then on April 23, he goes out and throws a no-hitter against the Reds—and loses, 1-0. Johnson himself is to blame, putting Pete Rose on second base in the ninth inning after throwing wildly past first; a Nellie Fox error two batters later scores Rose, and Cincinnati starter Joe Nuxhall completes a four-hit shutout against the Colt .45s to help deny Johnson victory. It’s the first time a pitcher has tossed a nine-inning no-hitter and lost.

Mantle’s Last Stand: Operation Both Sides
For the tenth and last time of his career, Mickey Mantle will homer from both sides of the plate in the same game, August 12 in a 7-3 New York Yankee win over the Chicago White Sox. Only 20 times have the total of all other major leaguers to date hit homers from both sides of the plate; future Yankee Mark Teixeira will ultimately break Mantle’s mark.

Is Anyone Else Running?
Luis Aparicio of the Baltimore Orioles leads the American League in stolen bases for a record ninth consecutive season, nabbing a career high 57. He will be topped the next year by young Kansas City infielder Bert Campaneris.

One Mel of a Hitter
Yankee starting pitcher Mel Stottlemyre does more than impress on the mound in his first two months of major league action late in the season. He collects five hits while pitching a two-hit, 7-0 shutout over the Senators in Washington on September 26. He is the eighth pitcher in history with five hits in a game—and the last to date.

Nary a Goose Egg
The rampaging St. Louis Cardinals score in every inning on September 13 as part of a 15-2 crushing of the Cubs at Chicago. It is the first time an NL team has scored in every frame since 1923; only the Colorado Rockies, in 1999, have since accomplished the feat.

No Sunshine for the KC Band
Opponents muscle up to smack 132 home runs in Kansas City, an AL record hit against one team in their own ballpark. It certainly doesn’t help the A’s, who are 26-55 at Municipal Stadium—and, overall, 57-105.

Hits Like a Glove
Ken Harrelson, who in the future will break away briefly from baseball to try a career with the PGA, is the first player in major league history to wear batting gloves. For now it doesn’t necessarily help; he bats .194 with seven home runs in part-time duty for the A’s.

New Ballparks

Shea Stadium, New York Between the Amazing Mets, Joe Namath’s Jets and the Beatles, Shea Stadium will become the place to be for New York entertainment during the 1960s. Opened a week after demolition begins on the Polo Grounds, Shea only helps to accelerate the city’s love for the Mets, who despite losing well over 100 games for the third straight year outdraw the Yankees—on their way to their fifth straight AL pennant—by 400,000 fans.

Costing $25 million, Shea Stadium is built on the site of the 1939 World’s Fair, and from 1974-75 will accommodate the Yankees while Yankee Stadium goes through extensive renovations. It will stay as the Mets’ home through 2008. Earplugs were often required; the jetliners from nearby LaGuardia Airport were known to buzz the light towers—as did the UFO outfielder Bernard Gilkey insists he saw during the climactic scenes of Men in Black.

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