1960 A-Maz-ing!

Despite being heavily outscored in the World Series, the Pittsburgh Pirates somehow make the most of it and defeat the New York Yankees—dramatically accenting the achievement with Bill Mazeroski's legendary home run.

was a Hall-of-Fame second baseman who won eight Gold Glove awards and led the National League three times in fielding percentage, nine times in assists and eight times in turning double plays. But he’ll always be remembered for belting what many consider to be the greatest home run in baseball history.

Back in 1927, when the mighty New York Yankees swept the Pittsburgh Pirates in the World Series, they outhit them by 56 batting points, outscored them 23-10, and hit the Series’ only two home runs.

Thirty-three years later, when the two teams met again in the Fall Classic, the Yankees outhit the Bucs by 82 batting points, outscored them 55-27, and out-homered them 10-4.

Sweep repeated?

No. The Yankees lost in seven games.

It all looked great on paper for the Bronx Bombers in the 1960 World Series until the box scores were broken down game by game. While the Yankees fattened the stats by packing a destructive punch in three big blowouts, it was the Pirates who mastered the close games and tipped the balance in their favor with the most important statistic of all: Wins. And they would do it with legendary panache, climaxing one of the most bizarre and talked-about World Series ever played thanks to a quiet, amiable player whose defensive skills at second base were so brilliant, it’s almost a shame he would be better remembered for hitting one of the greatest home runs in the game’s history.

When Bill Mazeroski signed on with the Pirates straight out of high school in 1954, he was considered just another cheap prospect in Branch Rickey’s latest attempt to turn a laughingstock organization into a powerhouse. Mazeroski wasn’t alone; Rickey was quietly harvesting a bumper crop of young players with the same philosophy he used 30 years earlier in St. Louis: Collect enough rocks and a few gems will emerge. Mazeroski was just one of hundreds who had a chance, nothing more.

Exiled from Brooklyn, Rickey was questioned by many outsiders who wondered if he had any talent-building magic left. He had remarkable success remaking both the St. Louis Cardinals and the Brooklyn Dodgers—one through the innovation of the farm system, the other through the innovation of racial integration. But once at Pittsburgh, Rickey had no new angle to exploit, only his reputation for superior scouting.

The Pirates came around as a viable challenger at the end of the 1950s, but it wasn’t enough to avoid being labeled as the worst team, by the record, for the decade.

Rickey spent five years attempting to rebuild the Pirates, and by the time he left in 1955, it appeared he’d met with major failure. The team had finished last during four of those years, next-to-last in the other, and averaged over 100 losses a year. Along with Mazeroski, Rickey’s discoveries during his tenure—including shortstop Dick Groat, first baseman Dick Stuart, outfielder Bill Virdon and pitchers Bob Friend, Vern Law and Roy Face—initially gave Pirate fans little hope that the future would be any brighter. Even the one blue-chip prospect Rickey had uncovered, a gifted Puerto Rican kid named Roberto Clemente, seemed too young and unrefined to make any immediate impact in Pittsburgh.

Once more, however, Rickey would get the last laugh, albeit in absentia. As Rickey would be responsible for supplying the genie in the bottle, it was manager Danny Murtaugh who got credit for finally letting it out.

Murtaugh took over for a beleaguered Bobby Bragan in 1957 and, almost as easily as flipping a switch, got the Pirates to power on. Under his reign, Murtaugh got the Bucs to close out 1957 by playing .500 ball—stop-the-press news given the Pirates’ cellar dwelling of the past decade—and uplifted them further to a second-place finish in 1958. They finished fourth in 1959 but were no less competitive, full of eye-opening personal achievements such as reliever Roy Face’s 18-1 record and starter Harvey Haddix’s famous 12-inning perfect game, which he lost in the 13th.

The 1959 trade for Haddix, along with third baseman Dick Hoak and catcher Smoky Burgess from Cincinnati for star slugger Frank Thomas and three lesser players, was considered the final piece of the promising championship puzzle at Pittsburgh. With a year under their belts together, the new and complete mix of Pirates entered 1960 thoroughly confident that they could seize the National League pennant. They weren’t about to disappoint their fans in realizing that assessment.

Solid and well-balanced in just about every facet of their game, the Pirates successfully glided through 1960, never slumping, never collapsing. They led the league in batting, earned run average, and fielding. Their clutch game resulted in 23 victories in their last at-bat. Vern Law earned the Cy Young Award with a career-high 20 wins against nine losses. Roberto Clemente, who for five years had shown only scant signs of potential greatness, finally came into his own with a .316 average, 16 home runs and 94 runs batted in. Starting pitcher Vinegar Bend MizellMizell was 13-5 in 23 starts for the Bucs; Labine won three, saved three, and produced a 1.50 ERA. and reliever Clem Labine made significant contributions after joining the team via mid-season trades. Even the bench came alive; when Dick GroatGroat, who won the NL batting title at .325, would also win the league’s Most Valuable Player award. went down with a broken wrist in the season’s final month, Dick Schofield filled in and batted at a near-.400 clip.

Though Bill Mazeroski was showing his usual brilliance at second base—teammates called him “No Hands” because his movements in turning a double play were so quick—his batting numbers were not cooperating. Stuck well below the .250 mark at mid-summer, Mazeroski received adjustment tips from batting coach (and Hall of Famer) George Sisler, who told him to be more patient at the plate. The advice worked, and Mazeroski headed into the postseason hitting .328 over the regular season’s final two months.

For their first return to the World Series in 33 years, the Pirates would meet up with their 1927 rivals: The New York Yankees.

After stumbling the year before, the Yankees were back—but it took them a while to rev up. Another lackluster start and a two-week absence by 70-year-old manager Casey Stengel (resting after a case of chest pains) suggested to many that the cracks in the Yankee mystique were deepening. Even Mickey Mantle was thrown into the fans' doghouseMantle, who thought there was two outs when he hit into the double play, atoned by cracking two of his AL-leading 40 home runs the next day. after he failed to run out a double play while teammate Roger Maris hurt himself at second base trying to break it up.

The Yankees tolerated manager Casey Stengel’s Vaudevillian personality so long as he won championships; but as he turned 70 and went successive seasons without a World Series title, he was let go.

The Yankees eventually righted themselves and overcame the contenders of the day: Defending AL champ Chicago, showing more pop with the addition of Roy Sievers and once-and-current White Sox Minnie Minoso; and, more surprisingly, the Baltimore Orioles, buoyed by a starting rotation called the “Kiddie Corps,” so nicknamed since four of their starters were age 22 or younger. The Yankees emerged from a tight race in early September and, letting the Sox and Orioles know they weren’t looking back, won their last 15 games of the regular season to easily nab the AL pennant.

Yankee pitching was superb and, as always under Stengel, the wealth was shared, with Art Ditmar leading the team with just 15 wins. Offensively, the real sparkplug to New York’s overall renewal came from first-year Yankee Roger Maris; the former Kansas City Athletic slammed 39 home runs and led the AL in slugging percentage (.581) and RBIs (112). Maris barely edged out Mantle for the AL Most Valuable Player award; little did the voters realize of the encore Maris had in store for them in 1961.

The Pittsburgh Pirates victoriously opened the World Series by putting an end to the Yankee 15-game win streak; Bill Mazeroski’s continued improvement at the plate paid off with a two-run bleacher shot midway through that helped decide a 6-4 win. The Yankees didn’t react to the loss so much as impressed as they were ticked off—promptly destroying the Pirates in Games Two and Three by scores of 16-3 and 10-0. The resulting momentum, added to the fact that the next two games were scheduled at Yankee Stadium, suddenly gave the Series all the assumed trappings of an early Pittsburgh surrender.

But revived Pirate pitching chewed both the momentum and the home field advantage apart. Starters Vern Law and Harvey Haddix sparked an unlikely turnaround by sedating the Yankee bats and winning Games Four and Five, respectively, by scores of 3-2 and 5-2. Mazeroski again was pivotal at the plate, doubling home the decisive run in Game Five.

Just like that, after being on the verge of annihilation, the Pirates were headed back to Forbes Field with two games to win one and the world title.

And all the Yankees did was get mad again. Game Six set off another tirade of destruction by the Bronx Bombers, who obliterated the Pirates 12-0 behind 17 hits and Whitey Ford’s second shutoutThe Pirates were shut out just four times during the entire regular season. of the Series.

Game Seven would become a microcosm of the entire Series to the moment—a classic and vicious seesaw battle, a contest seldom lost on baseball fans both hardcore and otherwise.

The Pirates sprinted out to a 4-0 lead after just two innings, and it stayed that way until the fifth when the Yankees received a solo home run from Bill Skowron. That was the murmur. The clang came in the sixth with four runs, capped by a towering home run from Yogi Berra that just stayed fair down the right-field line. New York added apparent insurance with two runs in the eighth to extend their lead to 7-4.

No World Series loser has come close to matching the offensive firepower exhibited by the Yankees in their seven-game defeat to the Pirates.

The real drama was still to come, a drama that would accelerate with each half-inning.

After Gino Cimoli pinched hit for Roy Face and singled to lead off the bottom of the eighth, signs of a Pirate rally looked to be on their way to extinction when the next batter, Bill Virdon, hit a double play grounder towards Yankee shortstop Tony Kubek. But the ball hopped wildly in front of Kubek, punching him square in the throatKubek departed and was taken to the hospital with a bruised larynx. and knocking him back. Instead of two outs and nobody on, the Pirates had two on and no one out. The Pirate rally had flared anew. And the Yankees would pay for it.

Both runners scored, two more got on base and two others were retired when back-up catcher Hal Smith—a one-time Yankee prospect—launched a three-run home run to climax a five-run rally and send the Bucs to the ninth, suddenly, with a 9-7 lead.

The Yankees fought back in the ninth. After Mickey Mantle singled to score one run and bring the tying run to third with one out, Berra hit what appeared to be the Series-ending double play to first baseman Rocky Nelson, who stepped on first for one out, then began to throw to second to nail Mantle—only to realize that Mantle was scrambling back to first. Nelson reacted too late and Mantle got back to first safely without a tag. While all of this frenzy was taking place, the tying run (pinch runner Gil McDougald) scored.

The Pirates responded in the bottom of the ninth not with a massive rally but with a single stroke of the bat. Bill Mazeroski, the only batter in the lineup who didn’t hit in the five-run eighth, was the only batter the Bucs needed in the ninth. After taking the first pitch from Yankee pitcher Ralph Terry, Mazeroski swung and sent the next pitch over the ivied brick wall in left-center to finish, perhaps, baseball’s most memorably wild game ever. Forbes Field erupted, and Mazeroski had to run the gauntlet of teammates, fans and police just to finish circling the bases.

As Pittsburgh celebrated into the fall, turmoil brewed in New York. An emerging contingent of Yankee players and management were growing tired of Casey Stengel, and so they played the age card to get rid of him. The Yankees’ unsuccessful, Jekyll/Hyde-like performance in the World Series was all the fodder they needed.

A bizarre press conference on October 18 began with Yankee co-owner Dan Topping announcing Stengel’s firingLong-time Yankee general manager George Weiss, age 74, was also released. in a most congenial style, stating that Stengel was being given $160,000 “to do with as he pleases.” Maybe the game had passed Stengel by, but his sense of humor surely hadn’t; he classically responded to his release by stating, “I’ll never make the mistake of being 70 again.”

In 12 years, Casey Stengel had given the Yankees ten American League pennants and seven World Series championships. But for the Yankees, the song always remained the same: What have you done for us lately?

And if it wasn’t a World Series triumph, it wasn’t squat.


1961 baseball historyForward to 1961: The Greatest Feat Ever Performed* Roger Maris experiences a year of triumph and troment as he threatens Babe Ruth's season home run record.


1959 baseball historyBack to 1959: Reinventing Dodger After a lackluster California debut, the Los Angeles Dodgers victoriously adapt to their new surroundings.


1960s baseball historyThe 1960s Page: Welcome to My Strike Zone In a decade where baseball as a tradition is turning stale with America's emerging counter-culturism, major league owners see its biggest problem to be, of all things, an overabundance of offense in the game. The result? An increased strike zone, further contributing to a downward spiral in attendance, but greatly aiding an already talented batch of pitchers.


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They Were There: Gus Triandos
Gus TriandosFormer catcher Gus Triandos discusses his baseball life and the game today in the only loving way he can—with a salty, self-deprecating tongue.


1960 Standings

National League
Pittsburgh Pirates
95
59
.617
---
Milwaukee Braves
88
66
.571
7
St. Louis Cardinals
86
68
.558
9
Los Angeles Dodgers
82
72
.532
13
San Francisco Giants
79
75
.513
16
Cincinnati Reds
67
87
.435
28
Chicago Cubs
60
94
.390
35
Philadelphia Phillies
59
95
.383
36
American League
New York Yankees
97
57
.630
---
Baltimore Orioles
89
65
.578
8
Chicago White Sox
87
67
.565
10
Cleveland Indians
76
78
.494
21
Washington Senators
73
81
.474
24
Detroit Tigers
71
83
.461
26
Boston Red Sox
65
89
.422
32
Kansas City Athletics
58
96
.377
39

1960 Postseason Results
World Series Pittsburgh (NL) defeated New York (AL), 4-3.


It Happened in 1960

The Kid’s Triumphant Exit
Ted Williams, 42, wraps up his final season on his own terms by hitting a thunderous, 450-foot home run in his last at-bat against Baltimore on September 28. His eighth-inning blast at Fenway Park off of the Orioles’ Jack Fisher helps the Red Sox win, 5-4, and caps an outstanding year in which he hits .316 with 29 home runs and 72 RBIs in just 113 games. He refuses to take a curtain call from the crowd of just over 10,000—but after being replaced in the outfield an inning later, he’ll tip his cap to the fans for whom he’s had strained relations with. Though the Red Sox have three games left to play at New York, Williams passes up the trip and ends a 19-year career with a lifetime .344 average and 521 home runs.

What the Veeck is Going On at Comiskey?
Chicago White Sox owner Bill Veeck, in his latest marketing ploy, dresses up and wires the huge outfield scoreboard at Comiskey Park so that when a White Sox player hits a home run, it bursts out with a display of fireworks, pinwheels and stereo sound. The New York Yankees mock the $300,000 “Exploding Scoreboard” when, after hitting a home run there, they parade out of the dugout waving sparklers in the air.

Now You Can Tell the Players Without a Program
Veeck will also introduce the concept of putting players’ last names on the back of White Sox uniforms. Grudgingly accepted at first, it will eventually be used by almost all major league teams.

The Magic Juan is Unveiled
A year after Willie McCovey floors the National League with a sensational debut, another San Francisco Giant delivers a remarkable first impression on July 19. Pitcher Juan Marichal hurls the first of 243 victories and 52 shutouts when he blanks the Phillies on one hit—which comes with two out in the eighth inning. Marichal strikes out 12 in the Giants’ 2-0 win.

If at First You Don’t Get No-Hit…
The Phillies avoid the no-hitter against Marichal, but not against Milwaukee Brave aces Lew Burdette and Warren Spahn. Burdette collects his first and only career no-hitter against the Phillies on August 18; Spahn’s no-hitter on September 16 is not only the first of his long and outstanding career, but it’s also his 20th win of the year—accomplishing that feat for the 11th time.

Charles Lindbergh He Ain’t
Jackie Jensen, the American League’s Most Valuable Player in 1958 and two-time reigning leader in RBIs, retires from the Boston Red Sox because of a fear of flying. In his six years at Boston, the 32-year-old Jensen has averaged 26 home runs and 111 RBIs per season. The team feels Jensen’s pain: Without him, the Red Sox suffer their worst season since Tom Yawkey bought the team 27 years earlier. Jensen has a change of heart and returns in 1961, but he isn’t the same; he’ll re-retire following that season.

Picking on Perry
Of the Yankees’ 193 home runs—which for the moment is the AL record—15 are hit off of the Cleveland Indians’ Jim Perry. It’s the most home runs allowed by one pitcher to one team during a major league season.

Can the GM Trade Himself to Detroit?
In a career where he’s made more trades than friends, Cleveland general manager Frank “Trader” Lane will forever alienate the Indian faithful with two separate preseason deals with Detroit: Norm Cash for Steve Demeter, and fan favorite Rocky Colavito for Harvey Kuenn. Both trades prove all but disastrous. While Cash and Colavito shine at Detroit, Kuenn begins to fade and Demeter is an immediate washout. As if to place the blame on manager Jimmy Dykes, Lane at midseason trades him, too—also to Detroit, for Tiger skipper Joe Gordon. The bizarre swap of managers does neither team any good.

O., No!
The sad news: Kansas City owner Arnold Johnson passes away. The good news: The new owner will not make the A’s a virtual farm club for the Yankees, as many around baseball have implied throughout the 1950s. The bad news: That new owner will be Charles O. Finley, the Chicago insurance magnate who will prove overtly meddlesome in team affairs while making constant threats to move the A’s out of Kansas City—one he finally makes good on after the 1967 season.

Going, Going, Gone Hollywood
A forerunner to the Home Run Derby at the All-Star Game, a TV game show called “Home Run Derby” plays its one and only season with 26 episodes pairing major league sluggers against one another. Not surprisingly, the most successful contestants are Hank Aaron and Mickey Mantle. The series takes place at Wrigley Field—not the one in Chicago, but the Los Angeles semi-clone that’s soon to become the expansion Angels’ interim home. A second season is unlikely after the show’s creator and host, Mark Scott, suffers a fatal heart attack.

A Ballpark Dies in Brooklyn
Vacant for two years by the Dodgers, Ebbets Field is torn down in Brooklyn. Ironically, the wrecking ball that begins the destruction is painted to look like a baseball.

Fade to Black
The last of the Negro Leagues, the Negro American League, plays its final season.

New Ballparks

Candlestick Park, San Francisco When Mark Twain remarked that the coldest winter he had ever spent was a summer in San Francisco, he may have lived it at the spot where Candlestick Park was built. The first ballpark built exclusively for the majors since Yankee Stadium will quickly become one of the most cursed from players and fans alike.

Though Candlestick’s location is the farthest most within San Francisco from the blustery Golden Gate isthmus, it is exposed to a cruel backdoor dose of Arctic-like gusts that sneak in from the chilly Pacific waters through a modest canyon-like section of the city and wildly accelerated by Bayview Hill, for which the stadium sits right at the base of. Candlestick is aesthetically modern, the first ballpark to be built entirely out of reinforced concrete—yet fans bulked up in layers of wintertime wear are too busy mobbing the hot chocolate vendors to care. All seats are supposed to be heated from underneath, but the pipes are buried too deep into the concrete to make a difference.

On the field, the icy winds play as much havoc on the field as they do in the stands. Players will frequently chase after their caps, batting cages will be blown halfway across the diamond during batting practice, and dustdevils made of hotdog wrappers will become a common sight. A 1971-72 expansion of the ballpark into an enclosed multi-purpose stadium (to accommodate the NFL’s 49ers) will unexpectedly make things worse, the new configuration merely trapping and swirling the gusty winds at the same velocity as before. Worse for the players, the grass will be replaced by an artificial turf that has all the forgiveness of a parking lot. (True grass is reinstated in 1979.)

The Giants manage to tolerate Candlestick for 40 years before escaping to beautiful Pac Bell Park in 2000.


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