1957 If Casey Had a Hammer

The Milwaukee Braves, with solid pitching and a potent line-up that includes Hank Aaron, become the first team outside of New York City to win a World Series since 1948.

After a tormenting experience in the South playing in the minors and absorbing racial abuse, Hank Aaron settled into a far more peaceful existence in Milwaukee—and his shining play helped give the city its first world championship.

For six years, Casey Stengel had watched Mickey Mantle, his teacher’s pet, gradually rise from prospect to star to superstar, his triple crown performance of 1956 confirming Stengel’s initial boast of Mantle as the next best thing in baseball.

In making their customary journey to the World Series for 1957, Stengel’s New York Yankees ran head-on into the game’s new, and unlikely, next best thing: A skinny, quiet and unassuming 23-year-old from Alabama who himself had developed into a one-of-a-kind luminary at the plate.

Without Hank Aaron, who kicked into permanent high gear like Mantle the year before, there’s little chance that the Milwaukee Braves would have toppled the Yankees in the Fall Classic. While Aaron’s teammates had a collective batting average of just .183 against Yankee pitching, he picked them up by hitting .393 while belting three home runs, helping to forge an entertaining seven-game Series that ultimately deprived New York City of a baseball champion for the first time in nine years.

Upon moving from Boston in 1953, the Milwaukee Braves instantly transformed from chronic cellar dwellers to hard-luck contenders—always in the hunt, but never able to clear that one last hurdle. They came closest in 1956, blowing a one-game lead going into the season’s final weekend.

The Braves certainly had top-flight talent on both sides of the docket to look like a polished champion. Pitching ace Warren Spahn had already accomplished enough to earn a place in the Hall of Fame—and now, at 36 years of age, he was only starting to get better. Spahn was well complemented in the rotation by fellow starters Bob Buhl and Lew Burdette. Eddie Mathews was a perennial all-star at third base with prodigious power, already amassing 200 career home runs by age 25; and first baseman Joe Adcock was developing into an equally fearsome force, prone to sudden bursts of slugging that kept opposing pitchers on edge.

Then there was Hank Aaron.

Born and raised in Mobile—a hotbed of future African-American ballplayers that would include Billy Williams and Willie McCovey—Aaron was taken into the Indianapolis Clowns, who in the dying last days of the Negro Leagues began to self-promote themselves as a baseball sideshow not unlike the Harlem Globetrotters. Aaron’s mild-mannered personality hardly fit in with the Clowns’ bag of tricks, but his talent was an attraction for major league scouts who began focusing on his potential. Aaron would only get better when one of the scouts suggested he stop holding the bat cross-handed.

In a year where aging superstars forged a second wind, Stan Musial gave himself renewed baseball life at age 36—garnering his seventh and final batting title while helping the St. Louis Cardinals battle out with milwaukee for the National League pennant.

After signing with the BravesIt was estimated that Mantle’s home run, uninterrupted, would have traveled over 600 feet., Aaron was assigned to the team’s Class A affiliate at Jacksonville, helping to integrate the South Atlantic “Sally” League with four other black players. There Aaron experienced what Jackie Robinson went through, and worse. Playing in a league fully ingrained in the Deep South, Aaron was constantly rained upon with the vicious verbal abuse, hate mail and death threats—and no one on the outside paid attention, having been mostly satisfied with progress in the big leagues. Aaron, like Robinson before him, won the fans over in the only two ways he could: By not fighting back, and by playing great baseball. He batted .362 with 22 home runs and was named the Sally’s Most Valuable Player.

Aaron came to the Braves’ camp in 1953 and lucked into a starting job when Bobby Thomson broke an ankle in spring training. At age 20, Aaron batted .280 with 13 homers before breaking his own ankle late in the year. More importantly, Aaron found a far more tranquil setting in Milwaukee, an epitome of wholesome 1950s Americana that seemed light years away from the racially divisive South. As his star grew, Aaron was embraced by a rabid fan base that annually packed County Stadium with over two million fans, eye-popping numbers for the time.

Averaging over two million a year in attendance, the Braves easily outpaced other major league teams at the gate over their first five years in Milwaukee.

Aaron improved significantly as a sophomore, batting .314 with 27 homers and 106 runs batted in while making the first of 21 consecutive All-Star appearances. In 1956, he won the National League batting title with a .328 average, adding 26 more homers.

Yet he was still warming up to become the next big thing.

In 1957, Aaron and the Braves once again found themselves on the tails of the league leader—in this case, the St. Louis Cardinals, fired up by a 36-year-old Stan Musial on the way to winning his last of seven batting titles at .351. But Milwaukee got a double dose of good news to begin August, winning ten in a row while the Cardinals lost nine straight. Catapulted into the open, the Braves quickly secured a healthy lead and overcame an attempted St. Louis rebound in September by winning another eight in a row—with win number seven clinching the pennant thanks to a game-winning, 11th-inning home run by Aaron against the Cardinals at County Stadium.

Aaron’s first monster year secured him the league MVP award, matching his uniform number with 44It was estimated that Mantle’s home run, uninterrupted, would have traveled over 600 feet. home runs while knocking in 132 runs; three other NL batters kept Aaron from winning the triple crown by hitting higher than his .322 mark.

The other usual suspects in Milwaukee contributed to the Braves’ pennant, including Spahn with 21 wins and Mathews with 32 home runs. But just as crucial were a number of midseason roster additions. After an on-field collision between outfielder Bill Bruton and second baseman Felix Mantilla—knocking Bruton out for the year, Mantilla for a month—the Braves traded for veteran Red Schoendienst, who set a spark by batting .310 and playing excellent defense while Mantilla stayed on the bench, even after he returned to good health. In Bruton’s place, the Braves brought up from the minors Bob Hazle, who would become one of baseball’s most famous flashes in the pan. In 41 games, the rookie batted .403 with seven homers and 27 RBIs, a one-year wonder of statistics in a career that would quickly cool off and end by 1958.

The continued graying of the Brooklyn Dodgers finally took its toll on the defending two-time NL champions, but so did a sharp drop-off from pitcher Don Newcombe (battling alcoholism) and off-field distractions over growing noise that the franchise was looking to move west—not to New Jersey, but to California. The Dodgers finished third, 11 games back.

The other defending league champs, the New York Yankees, were making for some unwanted news of their own early in the year. When Yankee players went to New York’s popular Copacabana club to celebrate Billy Martin’s 29th birthday in May, a bowling team at the next table began heckling the man on stage—Sammy Davis, Jr.—infuriating the Yankee Rat Pack led by Martin, Mickey Mantle and Whitey Ford into an all-out brawl with the bowlers.

Though outfielder Hank Bauer was considered the main combatant against the bowlers (who sued him), Yankee general manager George Weiss tagged the blame on Martin, who he thought had become a bad influence on the rest of the team. And when Martin engaged in a vicious scuffle a month later at Chicago against Larry Doby, Weiss said enough and gave Martin the classic Yankee demotion—a trade to the Kansas City A’s, a team that many believed was acting as the Yankees’ unofficial top farm club.

Short-term, Martin’s departure helped the Yankees—who were just embarking on a stretch where they would win 24 of 28 games to overtake the Chicago White Sox, American League leaders for much of the first two months. Long-term, the trade also cleared the way for a young, talented—and far more clean-cut—prospect, Bobby Richardson, to take Martin’s spot at second base.

Refocusing on baseball over the night life, the Yankees coasted through the summer to finish eight games over the White Sox, now being managed by former Cleveland Indian skipper Al Lopez—who despite the change of address still found himself in second place. Mickey Mantle continued as the team’s dominant forceIt was estimated that Mantle’s home run, uninterrupted, would have traveled over 600 feet.; batting .365, he would have won his second straight batting title had it not been for 39-year-old Ted Williams’ phenomenal .388 effort. On the mound, Yankee pitching was collectively the best in baseball, as Casey Stengel successfully played his platooning game with a staff that included seven different hurlers starting at least 11 games each. Former Athletic Bobby Shantz (2.45), Tom Sturdivant (2.54) and Bob Turley (2.71) were first, second and fourth, respectively, in the AL ERA race.

But it was a former Yankee prospect, released from New York six years earlier, who would team with Hank Aaron to deny the Yankees a chance at a second straight World Series triumph.

While Aaron’s hitting was doing the damage for Milwaukee at the plate, it was 30-year-old right-hander Lew Burdette who took the mound and frustrated the fastball-hungry Yankee bats with his assortment of junkball specialties. In Game Two, Burdette allowed two early runs but settled in and went the distance for a 4-2 win. In Game Five, he won a pitching duel over Whitey Ford, tossing a seven-hit, 1-0 shutout. And in the deciding seventh game, Burdette was paired against Don Larsen—making his first Series start since his perfect game of a year earlier—and again shut down the Yankees on seven hits, while Larsen was gone after allowing four early runs in a 5-0 triumph that gave the City of Milwaukee its first and only baseball championship to date.

The World Series turns in Milwaukee’s favor when the Braves’ Nippy Jones convinces umpire Augie Donatelli that he was hit on the foot by showing that the ball has shoe polish on it.

Though none of Aaron’s Series-leading 11 hits came at dramatic stages or with any walk-off theatrics, his three-run blast early in Game Four proved pivotal in the later stages, setting up an extra-inning affair that would end in controversy.

Trailing 5-4 to start the bottom of the tenth inning, Milwaukee leadoff hitter Nippy Jones was hit on the foot with a Bob Grim pitch that continued to the backstop—but umpire Augie Donatelli ruled that the ball had made no contact with Jones. Pleading his case, Jones introduced the ball—showing a streak of shoe polish from his cleat—as evidence. Donatelli agreed and gave Jones the base. Pinch-running for Jones as the tying run, Felix Mantilla scored two batters later on a double by Johnny Logan, and Eddie Mathews connected on a two-run blast to win the game. Jones’ shoe polish—and Aaron’s home run before it—kept the Braves from dropping into a three-games-to-one hole.

Life was good for Hank Aaron. He proved to the few remaining doubters that he had arrived as a superstar of the highest order, had won his first and only MVP award, and won his first and only World Series for a city he was delighted to call home.

For all of his later achievements, some drenched with the sad specter of racist overtones, 1957 would remain his happiest year.


1958 baseball historyForward to 1958: And Now, From Coast to Coast The Dodgers and Giants break the hearts of New Yorkers everywhere and head west to California.


1956 baseball historyBack to 1956: A Perfect Revenge The New York Yankees' Don Larsen earns immortality in a day and denies the Brooklyn Dodgers their second straight title.


1950s baseball historyThe 1950s Page: A Monopoly of Success Though described as a golden age for baseball, most major league teams find themselves struggling—unless you're in New York City, where the Yankees, Dodgers and Giants hog the World Series podium from 1950-56. But as the decade winds to a close, the euphoria of Big Apple baseball will rot overnight.


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1957 Standings

National League
Milwaukee Braves
95
59
.617
---
St. Louis Cardinals
87
67
.565
8
Brooklyn Dodgers
84
70
.545
11
Cincinnati Redlegs
80
74
.519
15
Philadelphia Phillies
77
77
.500
18
New York Giants
69
85
.448
26
Chicago Cubs
62
92
.403
33
Pittsburgh Pirates
62
92
.403
33
American League
New York Yankees
98
56
.636
---
Chicago White Sox
90
64
.584
8
Boston Red Sox
82
72
.532
16
Detroit Tigers
78
76
.506
20
Baltimore Orioles
76
76
.500
21
Cleveland Indians
76
77
.497
21.5
Kansas City Athletics
59
94
.386
38.5
Washington Senators
55
99
.357
43

1957 Postseason Results
World Series Milwaukee (NL) defeated New York (AL), 4-3.


It Happened in 1957

Death of a Promising Career
Cleveland Indian pitcher Herb Score, fulfilling the prediction of many as the next Bob Feller, takes a scorching line drive by New York Yankee Gil McDougald in the right eye during a May 7 game at Cleveland. Score will not return in 1957, and his comeback attempt the following season clearly lacks his pre-injury dominance, thanks in part to elbow problems. He retires after 1962, but soon begins a prolonged career as the Indians’ play-by-play announcer.

New York Giants, 1883-1957
Having made their move to San Francisco official, the New York Giants play their final game at the Polo Grounds on September 29, losing 9-1 to the Pittsburgh Pirates before a crowd of 11,606. Among those on hand for a pre-game ceremony are Carl Hubbell, Rube Marquard, 1895 Giant manager Jack Doyle and John McGraw’s widow.

Brooklyn Dodgers, 1884-1957
The Brooklyn Dodgers, who have yet to officially announce their move to Los Angeles, hold no ceremony whatsoever in the last major league game fabled Ebbets Field will ever see. The Dodgers win 2-0 over the Pirates on September 28 before a crowd of just 6,702—all of whom know that the Dodgers are gone.

As Clear as Baseball’s Future in Brooklyn
Earlier on June 6 at Ebbets Field, the Dodgers and Chicago Cubs are the victims of the first “fogout” in major league history. The fog is so thick, outfielders can barely see what’s happening at home plate, and the game is called.

Seeing Red
Cincinnati fans stuff the ballot boxes and vote seven Redleg players into the All-Star Game. Commissioner Ford Frick overrules three of the voters’ picks, replacing Gus Bell, George Crowe and Wally Post with no-brainer alternatives in Hank Aaron, Willie Mays and Stan Musial. Fans everywhere will be punished for Cincy’s overzealousness, as All-Star voting is taken away from them for the next 12 years.

Vintage Ted
At the age of 39, Ted Williams finishes the season batting .388—his best full-season performance since hitting .406 in 1941. His slugging percentage of .731 makes him the last player to reach .700 until 1994 and, in September, he reaches base in 16 straight plate appearances, a streak that includes nine walks, a hit batsman, and four home runs—all hit consecutively.

New Math
Righting the wrong of a previous batting title stolen from Williams, owners finally vote for a logical way to determine a batting champion, allowing anyone averaging 3.1 plate appearances per game over a full season to qualify. This takes into account walks, not counted as at-bats but accumulated by the sackful by Williams, who would have won the 1956 batting crown had they counted.

Speaking for the Defense…
The Sporting News and Rawlings name the first Gold Glove awards for the best defensive players in the majors. Among those picked in the inaugural vote is outfielder Willie Mays, collecting his first of 12 consecutive Gold Gloves.

It Ain’t Exactly Camelot
The Philadelphia Phillies, who voiced the loudest and most profane protests over Jackie Robinson’s inclusion into the majors ten years earlier, fittingly become the last National League team to integrate their roster. John Kennedy plays in five games at the beginning of the year and goes hitless in two at-bats, then never appears again in the majors.

The Tortoise is Alive and Well and Playing in D.C.
In an era where the stolen base is largely disregarded, the lowly Washington Senators set the season nadir by stealing 13 bases, the fewest ever by a major league team. It’s not for a lack of trying; the Senators are caught stealing 38 other times, resulting in a shameful 25% success rate.


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